Although a small country, Switzerland has always been a sought-after tourist destination mainly thanks to its picturesque beauty, and also because of the beautiful cities rich in history and culture such as Zurich, Geneva and Lausanne. However, the strong point of this nation is undoubtedly the high-altitude lakes, great forests and gorgeous Alpine peaks, which offer nature lovers a variety of exploration options.
Switzerland is a mountainous country located in Central Europe, with many lakes, villages and high peaks in the Alps. Its cities contain architectural neighborhoods from the Middle Ages, with the landmarks and bridge of the wooden church in Lucerne. The country is well known for its ski resorts and hiking trails. Banking is a major contributor to the Swiss economy, in addition to the world-famous Swiss watches and chocolate.
Territories, the capital and the political system
Switzerland is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, which is officially known as the Swiss Confederation, its capital is the city (Bern), but the largest city in it is Zurich.
Switzerland is known as a democratic country that enjoys social justice and prosperity, and the system of government in it is federal and parliamentary, its official currency is the (Swiss franc).
Switzerland is located in the center of Europe, and it is a small and large country at the same time, small in size but large in the beauty of its nature. It has many languages and cultures, but the German language is the most widespread language. As for religion, Switzerland is a secular country, but the majority of the population owes the Christian religion from the Catholics in the first place and from the Protestant community in the second place.
The capital is Bern
Bern is the capital of Switzerland and the largest canton in terms of area and population, with French being the official language. In Bern there is the seat of government, as well as the federal ministries and a number of other federal institutions, including the National Bank. The city has been classified by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage site since 1983, due to the city preserving its ancient character from the Middle Ages and also containing many theaters and distinctive museums such as (the Alpine Museum and Einstein House) and many other attractions.
Other Swiss cities
In Switzerland, you don’t have to travel to the countryside to discover unique and beautiful places, or soak up the sun and nature, you can only see it all with a short-haul trip or car ride to reach urban parks or outdoor cafés on the cobblestones in cities.
For its distinctive views, start at the Castle of Copt, then move to the historic center. Then arrive at the famous place de Molard for shopping.
Geneva also hosts the headquarters of the United Nations, the World Health Organization and the World Trade Organization, and there are 25 museums, including museums open around the clock and the Red Cross Museum.
For lovers of social life, the Carouge neighborhood is not to be missed, where a spiritual and artistic bohemian spirit pervades the venues that the area’s artists frequent. And for those who love nature, the Botanical Gardens of Mon Repos is the place to relax and enjoy 10,000 species of plants. In short, Geneva gives it beauty in every form.
Lausanne is an important commercial center, often chosen as a holiday destination. Walking through the city center, you can admire the Gothic-style cathedral whose trade streets are intertwined.
If you love to be outdoors, don’t miss the Sauvapilin Park, which is ideal for walking and seeing animals including deer, peacocks and various birds.
If you are passionate about art, then Lausanne will not disappoint, you can visit the Elysee Museum, which is dedicated to photography, and the Hermitage Foundation.
Since Lausanne was chosen as the Olympic capital in 1994, it is possible to purchase a ticket costing about 18 Swiss francs for adults and 5 Swiss francs for children to visit the largest museum dedicated to the Olympic Games.
The most international city in Switzerland overlooks the lake of the same name, and along its banks is the famous Blatterwiese, which is frequented by those who play sports or simply want to relax a little.
Want to see Zurich from the top? You can climb the old Grossmünster cathedral spiers or reach Lindenhof, an elevated plaza from which you can enjoy a great view of the historic center – or go to the summit of Uetliberg, a mountain nearly 800 meters high.
Strolling along the lake is what you need to get the best view of the city and breathe some air in the cafes. In the historical center is the old town, and by following the main road, you will come to the top of a hill from which you can enjoy a wonderful view of the city and the lake.
To get a better feel of the history of Montreux, do not miss the Montreux Museum where you can discover the history of the city.
Switzerland is one of the high-income countries, and the prices are very high, but the tourist can easily find the popular markets that are characterized by their low prices, as it includes a group of small restaurants that enable tourists to buy and enjoy packed food on the edges of lakes and rivers.
How do the Swiss people deal with tourists?
The Swiss people are one of the hospitable and friendly peoples who deal with tourists and strangers with courtesy and comfort, as the Swiss provide assistance and assistance to tourists without any hesitation while providing accurate and detailed information to ensure that the tourist arrives at his destination without facing any problems.